Wild Bird Trust presents the Top 25 Endemic Wild Birds. Endemism refers to birds that occur only in a region or country. Sometimes endemism refers to a habitat type but often it refers to country demarcations. This is essentially a human definition then and may not mean much to the birds itself. However endemic birds are often threatened as their range is limited. Here we present birds limited to small islands such as those in the Galapagos, unique habitat types like the fynbos of South Africa or large countries such as the USA.  We hope you enjoy this week’s selection. If you would like to submit to a Top 25 theme, simply upload your image to our Facebook page with species, location and photographer as the caption.

This unusual looking bird is a Hispaniolan Lizard-cuckoo,
endemic to the Hispaniola islands. They are a species of cuckoo that does not parasitise other birds nests. (Edwin Godinho)

The Española Cactus Finch is endemic in the true sense of word, only being found on Española Island in the Galapagos. They are found around prickly pear cacti which they feed on (Melissa Penta)

A vibrant male Malabar Trogon, an Indian endemic (Shivayogi Kanthi)

The Purple-rumped Sunbird is near endemic to India, they are also found in Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Myanmar (Vipul Trivedi)

The Australian Gannet breeds only on the New Zealand coast and the south coast of Australia. They nest on the ground on a mound of seaweed and grass (Deepak Panchal)

The Black and Orange Flycatcher has a highly localised distribution, found only in the western Ghats of India, a region renowned for its bird diversity (Sneha Shekhawat)

This Javan Banded Pitta can only be found in Java (Arun Samak)

This Malabar Lark, an Indian endemic, prefers dry open habitats (Atanu Chakraborty)

This Nilgiri Thrush, a sub species of the White’s Thrush, is endemic to India (Panthera Tigris)

The Cape Sugarbird is endemic to the fynbos region of South Africa. They are nectar feeding birds which are important for the pollination of various proteas like this pincushion (Owen Deutsch)

This brightly coloured Flame-throated Bulbul is found only in the western Ghats of India, a true Indian endemic! (Edwin Godinho)

Another Western Ghats endemic, the Malabar Grey Hornbill. These hornbills are cavity nesters and the female will seal herself in the cavity, relying on the male to feed her and the chicks (Paneendra BA)

This beautiful Orange-breasted sunbird is endemic to the fynbos biome of South Africa. Like this one they can be seen in natural gardens in Cape Town with plenty of nectar sources (Owen Deutsch)

This Palani Laughingthrush has a highly restricted range, occurring only in a few forested areas of the Western Ghats. Their habitat is declining due to deforestation (Kishore Reddy)

The Ruppell’s Korhaan is near endemic to Namibia, occurring in the dry desert regions. Their range also extends up into Angola (Judi Fenson)

This beautiful little White-breasted Robin is found only in the west of Australia (Jamie Rattus Dolphin)

The Grey-fronted Green Pigeon, an Indian endemic, can be found in forested areas where they feed primarily on fruit (Subhadra Devi)

This beautiful Hispaniolan Parrot is endemic to the Hispaniola islands in the Caribbean. Because of their limited distribution, habitat degradation and capture for the pet trade, they are considered vulnerable to extinction (Edwin Godinho)

White-browed Bulbuls eat mainly berries and fruits, they are important seed dispersers (Atanu Chakraborty)


Yellow-browed Bulbuls,
endemic to India, have been seen in groups up to 60 birds (Sneha Shekhawat)

The Grey-backed Spurfowl can only be found in the plains and savanas of Tanzania (Teri Franzen)

The Allen’s Hummingbird is near endemic to the USA, some breed there, others are resident, but some populations over-winter in Mexico (Barbara Wallace)

The Caroline Chickadee is endemic woodlands and gardens of the the USA (Jola Charlton)

The Malabar Whistling Thrush, endemic to India, can be frequently found close to human habitation (Dr Malay Mandal)

This unusual looking bird is a Sri Lankan Frogmouth, found only in India and Sri Lanka (Dr S Alagu Ganesh)

Our mission is to build a global community around the freedom and beauty of birds in the wild as ambassadors for the natural ecosystems that they depend upon. They are the music, decoration, and character of every terrestrial habitat on the planet and have been around since the dinosaurs. They are the witnesses and ambassadors of the awesome power of nature. The wide availability of good, cheap optics has opened their world to us for the last few decades. Amazing, affordable DSLR cameras with long lenses are delivering brilliant digital bird imagery to online communities.

We are in a day-and-age during which more bird species are threatened with extinction than ever before. The Wild Birds! Revolution aims to publish the “Top 25 Wild Bird Photographs of the Week” to 1 million people every week by the end of the year. That is a revolution that will change the world! Join thousands of other weekend naturalists, photographers, birders, experts, hikers, nature-lovers, guides, scientists, conservationists and artists that share the thousands of wild bird photographs submitted to the Wild Bird Trust website and Facebook page. Thousands of wild bird enthusiasts are going out every day to photograph our planet’s beautiful birdlife. Pick up your camera, fill your bird feeder, open your heart, and join the Wild Birds! Revolution!!

Edited by Christie Craig, Campaign Manager